Gum Disease Beware: A Guide to Periodontal Therapy

Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is a widespread oral health condition affecting millions worldwide. It is characterized by inflammation and infection of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth, which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Fortunately, periodontal therapy can treat gum disease and prevent its progression. In this article, we will provide everything you need about periodontal therapy, including its types, benefits, and how to maintain good oral hygiene to prevent gum disease.

What Is Periodontal Therapy?

Periodontal therapy is a set of treatments that aim to prevent, diagnose, and treat gum disease. It involves various procedures that target the bacterial infection underlying the disease and restore the health of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. Periodontal therapy can be surgical or non-surgical, depending on the severity of the disease.

Types of Periodontal Therapy

The two most common types of periodontal therapy are the following:

  • Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and root planing, also known as deep cleaning, is a non-surgical periodontal therapy that involves removing plaque and tartar from the surfaces of the teeth and their roots. This procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia to ensure patient comfort. Scaling and root planing can help reverse the early stages of gum disease and prevent its progression.

  • Periodontal Surgery

Periodontal surgery is a surgical treatment for advanced gum disease that cannot be treated with non-surgical methods. It involves lifting the gums to access the infected areas and removing the damaged tissues. Then, the gums are repositioned and sutured back in place. Periodontal surgery is an effective way to halt the progression of gum disease and prevent tooth loss.

Benefits of Periodontal Therapy

Here are some of the benefits of periodontal therapy:

1. Prevents Tooth Loss

Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Periodontal therapy can help prevent tooth loss by treating the underlying bacterial infection and restoring the health of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.

2. Improves Oral Health

Periodontal therapy can improve oral health by reducing inflammation and infection in the gums. It can also help prevent other oral health problems, such as bad breath, tooth decay, and cavities.

3. Enhances Overall Health

Research has shown that gum disease is linked to several systemic health conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. Treating gum disease with periodontal therapy can improve your overall health and reduce the risk of developing these conditions.

How to Maintain Good Oral Hygiene to Prevent Gum Disease

Preventing gum disease starts with good oral hygiene habits. Here are some tips to help you maintain good oral hygiene:

  1. Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  2. Floss daily to remove plaque and food particles between teeth.
  3. Use an antibacterial mouthwash to kill bacteria that cause gum disease.
  4. Eat a healthy diet low in sugar and high in nutrients.
  5. Avoid smoking and using tobacco products, which can increase your risk of developing gum disease.


Periodontal therapy is a crucial treatment for gum disease that can prevent tooth loss and improve oral and overall health. If you suspect you have gum disease or want to prevent its progression, consult your dentist for an evaluation and treatment options. Maintaining good oral hygiene habits and seeking professional dental care can keep your gums healthy and your smile bright.

If you need periodontal disease treatment in Westborough, look no further than Westborough Dental Associates! Led by Dr. Trushar Patel, we provide children and adults with comprehensive general dental care. We pride ourselves on offering personalized, compassionate care that is tailored to your unique smile. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and start your journey toward a healthier, happier smile!